Adjectives

What are Adjectives?

An adjective is a describing word. It gives more information about something.

An adjective generally describes a Noun. A noun is a person, a place, or a thing.

An adjective is one of the nine parts of speech.

An adjective often comes BEFORE a noun:

  1. A green balloon
  2. an interesting story
  3. A beautiful girl

Sometimes an adjective comes AFTER a verb:

  1. The Sky is Blue.
  2. They are happy people.
  3. Our house is very big.

Adjectives can Describe feelings or qualities, nationality or origin, age, things, size and measurement, color, material, shape, judgment, or a value.

Feelings or qualitiesSad, happy
Value/opiniondelicious, lovely, charming
Sizesmall, huge, tiny, tall
Age/Temperatureold, hot, young
ShapeOval, round, square, rectangular, triangle
ColourGreen, red, blonde, black, blue, yellow
Nationality or originSwedish, Victorian, Chinese, Indian
Materialplastic, wooden, silver

Examples:

  • My coat is very old.
  • The sunset was crimson and gold.
  • There were few cars.
  • Most people like ice cream.
  • I used the wooden spoon.
  • This is a very long film.
  • This clock is German.


COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE OF ADJECTIVES

Comparative Adjective is a word that describes a noun by comparing it to another noun.  Comparative adjectives typically end in ‘er’ and are followed by the word ‘than’.

Examples:

  • My house is larger than yours.
  • I like cats better than dogs.
  • Ronaldo is a better player than Dhoni.
  • Grandfather is looking older and older.


Superlative Adjective is a word that describes a noun by comparing it to two or more nouns to the highest or lowest degree. Superlative adjectives typically end in ‘est’ and are preceded by the word ‘the’.

Examples:

  • Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
  • Your dog ran the fastest of any dog in the race.
  • She is the smartest girl in our class.
  • This is the most interesting book I have ever read.


AS + ADJECTIVE + AS

As + Adjective + As is used to compare people, places, things that are the same or equal.

Examples:

  • A tiger is as dangerous as a lion.
  • You can eat as much as you want.
  • The apple is as good as the orange.
  • My phone is as good as the in the store.


NOT AS + ADJECTIVE + AS

Not As + Adjective + As is used to make comparisons between things which aren’t equal.

Examples:

  • A bicycle is not as expensive as a car.
  • She’s not singing as loudly as she can.
  • Arthur is not as intelligent as Albert.


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