Simple Present Tense | Definition & Examples

Simple Present Tense | Definition & Examples

Simple present tense conveys action in the present. It is applied to show a habitual action or general truth.

The simple present, present simple, or present indefinite is one of the verb forms associated with the present tense in modern English. It is commonly referred to as a tense, although it also encodes certain information about aspects in addition to the present time.

When using Simple Present Tense,

If Subject is
    First person singular and plural,
    Second person singular and plural
    third person plural
    (I, We, You and They)

Verb goes as it is in the sentence.

Pattern: Subject + Verb + Object

Example:

  • I cook every day.
  • They hire her.

If the Subject is

Third person singular (He, She and It)


Forming the simple present tense: to think

AffirmativeInterrogativeNegative
I thinkDo I think?I do not think
You thinkDo you think?You do not think
He thinksDoes he think?He does not think
She thinksDoes she think?She does not think
It thinksDoes it think?It does not think
We thinkDo we think?We do not think.
They thinkDo they think?They do not think.


Examples:

  • I cook every day.
  • The sun rises in the east.
  • She plays with her brother.
  • She carries her child to her bed.


How to Make the Simple Present Negative

The formula for making a simple present verb negative is do/does + not + [root form of verb]. You can also use the contraction don’t or doesn’t instead of do not or does not.


How to Ask a Question

The formula for asking a question in the simple present is do/does + [subject] + [root form of verb].


Common Verbs in the Simple Present

InfinitiveI, You, We, TheyHe, She, It
to askask / do not askasks / does not ask
to workwork / do not workworks / does not work
to callcall / do not callcalls / does not call
to useuse / do not useuses / does not use
to havehave / do not havehas / does not have


Examples Of Simple Present Tense Sentences

  • I cook every day.
  • The sun rises in the east.
  • She plays with her brother.
  • She carries her child to her bed.
  • Does she help Tom?
  • Her brother is very rich.
  • They hire her.
  • I play cricket.
  • He goes to football every day
  • She loves to play basketball
  • She swims every morning
  • We drink coffee every morning
  • We see them every week
  • Do pigs like milk?
  • Do you like spaghetti?
  • My brother’s dog barks a lot
  • The children are at home
  • You have a big house
  • Do they talk a lot?


Simple present tense exercise

I ____ at a bank. (work, works, working)

Cows ____ on grass. (feed, feeds, feeding)

He ____ a handsome salary. (earn, earns, )

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