4 Types of Sentences in English - wordcoach.co

4 Types of Sentences in English


There are four types of English sentences, classified by their purpose:

1. Declarative Sentences (statement.)

2. Exclamatory Sentences (exclamation!)

3. Imperative Sentences (command!)

4. Interrogative Sentences (question?)


1. Declarative Sentences (statement.)

The declarative sentence that makes a statement, provides a fact, offers an explanation, or conveys information. They tell us something. They give us information, and they normally end with a full-stop/period.

Declarative sentences can be positive or negative.

The usual word order for the declarative sentence is:

subject + verb…

Examples:

  • She doesn’t study German on Saturday.
  • We watched TV last night.
  • We did not watch TV last night.
  • I do not like coffee.
  • George brushes her teeth twice a day.


2. Exclamatory Sentences (exclamation!)

Exclamative sentences express strong emotion/surprise an exclamation and they always end with an exclamation mark/point (!).

The usual word order for the exclamative sentence is:

What (+ adjective) + noun + subject + verb

How (+ adjective/adverb) + subject + verb

Examples:

  • You are such a liar!
  • What an exciting movie it was!
  • He is such a kind person!
  • How he lied!
  • But don’t forget what I said!


3. Imperative Sentences (command!)

Imperative sentences give a command. They tell us to do something, and they end with a full-stop/period (.) or exclamation mark/point(!).

The usual word order for the imperative sentence is:

base verb…

Note:- that there is usually no subject—because the subject is understood, it is YOU.

Imperative sentences can be positive or negative.

Examples:

  • Leave the book under my doormat.
  • Don’t give her coffee.
  • Play with intensity and courage.
  • Turn left at that intersection.
  • Please open with care.


4. Interrogative Sentences (question?)

Interrogative sentences ask a question. They ask us something. They want information, and they always end with a question mark.

The usual word order for the interrogative sentence is:

(wh-word +) auxiliary + subject + verb…

There are three basic question types and they are all interrogative sentences:

  1. Yes/No question: the answer is “yes or no”, for example:
    Do you want dinner? (No thank you.)
  2. Question-word (WH) question: the answer is “information”, for example:
    Where do you live? (In Paris.)
  3. Choice question: the answer is “in the question”, for example:
    Do you want tea or coffee? (Tea please.)

Examples:

  • Are you feeling better?
  • What do you believe?
  • What sort of nation might you want to live in?

Read More about Interrogative Sentences: Click here.


Read More:

Definition of English GrammarInterrogative Sentences
Interrogative adverbsThe interrogative form
Interrogative PronounsAction Verbs
Quantifiers5 Different Types of Adjectives with Examples
Action Verbs List, definition and Example SentencesThe most frequently used question pattern sentences in English

One thought to “4 Types of Sentences in English”

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *